Static Website as Tor Hidden Service on Raspberry Pi

From Run Your Own
Revision as of 00:50, 8 March 2020 by 320x200 (talk | contribs) (Local HTTP server)
Jump to: navigation, search

Goal: To run a static website and serve it as an onion site. This HOWTO does not cover RPi installation, it assumes you already have a minimal setup up and running. The choice to have a static site is for sake of simplicity, it could be expanded of course, but the risks of leaking information about the host will increase.

Local HTTP server

as root:

  • Install nginx on the RPi
apt install nginx
  • In the browser from another computer on the network, check that you the default HTML page is properly served at: http://192.168.1.XXX (you should see a small "Welcome to nginx!" text).
  • create a non-default mini static website:
mkdir /var/www/partyvan
echo "OHAI" > /var/www/partyvan/index.html
  • disable nginx default site
rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
  • create new nginx site config /etc/nginx/sites-available/partyvan with:
server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    listen [::]:80 default_server;

    root /var/www/partyvan;
    index index.html;

    server_name partyvan;
  • Enable site
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/partyvan /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
service nginx reload
  • In the browser from another computer on the network, check that you the default HTML page is properly served: http://192.168.1.XXX (you should see a small "OHAI" text).

Tor setup

Note: This is only valid for RPi2 and later.

  • Add the Tor deb repos to /etc/apt/sources.list. At time of writing, stable Raspbian is based on Buster:
deb buster main
deb-src buster main
  • Add the GPG keys used to sign the packages from the Tor repos:
curl | gpg --import
gpg --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | apt-key add -
  • Install Tor
apt install tor
  • Edit /etc/tor/torrc/ and in the section about hidden services, add:
# Partyvan site
HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/partyvan/
HiddenServicePort 80
  • Restart Tor, this will generate the keys for the partyvan hidden service
service tor restart
  • If everything went well, there should be a /var/lib/tor/partyvan/ folder with notably both public and private keys for the service (backup!) and the hostname information to reach the hidden service from onionland. To know the onion address of partyvan, simply do:
cat /var/lib/tor/partyvan/hostname
  • You will get something like c7phl5mrjy34...onion, if you paste this address in your Tor browser, torified browser or whatever you use, you should see the partyvan site!